Due to the destruction of 1943, the city was almost completely rebuilt in the
1950s. Hence there are very few old buildings in the centre. The oldest monument
is the "Druselturm".|
The "Brüderkirche" and the St. Martin Church are also in part of medieval
origin, but the towers of St. Martin are from the 1950s.
What historic buildings have survived are mainly outside the center of town.
Wilhelmshöhe Palace, above the city, was built in 1786 by landgrave Wilhelm IX
of Hesse-Kassel. The palace now is a museum and houses a world-famous wall paper
collection. It is surrounded by a beautiful park with many appealing sights.
Martinskirche (St. Martin Church)
The Oktagon is a huge octagonal stone structure carrying a giant replica of
Hercules by Benvenuto Cellini. From its base down to Wilhelmshöhe Palace runs a
long set of artificial cascades which delight visitors during the summer months.
The Löwenburg ("Lions Castle") is a replica of a medieval castle, also built
during the reign of Wilhelm IX.
After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 Napoléon III was imprisoned in
Wilhelmshöhe. In 1918 Wilhelmshöhe became seat of the German Army Command (OHL):
it was there that the military commanders Hindenburg and Ludendorff prepared the
Another large park is the Karlsaue along the Fulda River. Established in the
16th century, it is famous for the Orangerie, a palace built in 1710 as a summer
residence for the landgraves. Today there is also a planetarium in the park.
For more pictures visit my German version.